Carrying excess weight in pregnancy is associated with complications and poorer health outcomes for both mothers and their babies. There is some evidence that excess weight gain in pregnancy increases the risk of excess weight in the long-term for women and their offspring.
In Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland, researchers are testing the delivery of a brief, habit-based weight management intervention, 'Healthy Habits In Pregnancy and Beyond' (HHIPBe), for pregnant women who are overweight or obese in early pregnancy. This study, led by Professor Michelle McKinley and Dr Laura McGowan from Queen’s University Belfast, aims to establish the feasibility and acceptability of incorporating a habit-based intervention focused on 10 diet, physical activity and weight management tips, into routine antenatal care.
This work began as a feasibility study with women recruited during pregnancy and up to six weeks after childbirth, with researchers assessing:
- the differences in antenatal care pathways between the partner sites in Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland
- screening, recruitment and attrition rates at each of the four recruitment sites
- acceptability of the interventions and ‘usual care’ control as rated by participants
- willingness of healthcare staff to recruit women and deliver the intervention as part of routine antenatal care
- whether a larger trial is feasible and could be effective at supporting women during and after pregnancy
Ultimately, this work could result in a weight management intervention that is made widely available to pregnant women. It could, therefore, benefit pregnant women and their babies in the short and longer-term by developing lifelong healthy habits.
Visit the HSC Northern Ireland's research website for more information on the HHIPBe intervention.
Help make research findings clear
Members of the public can help review research Alerts (short updates that share the outcomes of a research study).
We need people like you to help us review health and care research findings so that we can make them easy to understand for everyone. You can help decide which research results should be shared as an Alert on our NIHR Evidence website.
When you 'sign up' you are expressing an interest. You can say yes or no if you are approached to review an Alert and you don't need a background in research. A payment of £12.50 is paid to individuals who review an Alert. If you are interested please register as a reviewer on the NIHR Evidence website.
Get involved with research teams
With one in three children leaving primary school overweight or obese, interventions that target them before 11 are vital. An NIHR funded pilot, MapMe, supported parents after their child’s National Child Measurement Programme result. As well as receiving the measurements, the parents of 300 overweight children in reception or year six were also sent guidance images of children ranging from underweight to obese and information on healthy eating, physical activity and the consequences of children being overweight. They also received links to online information and support. A year later, those children had achieved a healthier weight than their overweight peers whose parents had not been sent the MapMe information.
The team is extending the trial to roll it out across nine local authorities to over 55,000 families. They have worked with parents and health professionals to improve the intervention and are testing the effect of including a ‘booster’ letter six months after the initial support pack. Read the MapMe study details for more information.
Another project in Ireland and Northern Ireland is the Walking Intervention in Schools (WISH) study, which focuses on adolescent girls aged 12-14, a time when physical activity typically reduces. The team recruited young people to take part in short walks led by older pupils aged 16-18 during the school day in or around school grounds. In a pilot, total physical activity increased and in the short term, physical activity behaviour did change.
Researchers Professor Marie Murphy and Professor Alison Gallagher of Ulster University rolled out a larger trial across nine schools, to see if the intervention produces the same results in a larger group. If so, WISH could be adopted and benefit young people across the whole island of Ireland.
This work was supported by the Health and Social Care Research & Development Division; the Cross-border Healthcare Intervention Trials in Ireland Network (CHITIN) programme is funded by the European Union’s INTERREG VA Programme, managed by the Special EU Programmes Body (SEUPB).
The NIHR is also supporting research into interventions and support for adults who are overweight or obese.
Become a reviewer
If you have direct personal experience of a research topic, whether as a carer, patient, this role could be for you. You may be asked to review a research proposal or a commissioning brief and a research funding application. Find out more about becoming a reviewer.
Become a Research Champion
NIHR Research Champions volunteer their time to help spread the word about health and care research to patients, the public and especially those groups who are currently less likely to take part in research.
Anyone can be a champion, whether you're a member of the public, patient, carer - as long as you are enthusiastic about health research and are comfortable talking to people about it.
What you contribute as a Research Champion will be shaped around your interests, skills and time. Some commit to regular activities while others may volunteer as opportunities arise.
Take an online course
Online courses offer an excellent opportunity to learn whilst in the comfort of your own home. The courses are free of charge and anyone can take part. You can complete each course at your own pace.
Understand more about research - free online courses
What is health research? On this three week course, you will learn how health research happens, why it matters and what to expect if you take part. You will also hear stories from people who have taken part in research; why they volunteered and the difference it made.
Improving healthcare through clinical research is an excellent four week course providing an introduction to the world of research and why it's so important for our healthcare today, and in the future. You will learn the basics of how research is developed, who carries it out and how it contributes to improved healthcare and treatments. Ideal for anyone new to research who wants to find out more.
Join an online register
To find out more about research trials that are happening now and in the future you can look at our Be Part of Research website, which has a full list of studies. Perhaps one is right for you?
Our 'what happens in a study' page provides more information on how trials work. And if taking part in a study doesn’t feel right at the moment there are other ways to get involved in research.
Join Dementia Research
Sign up to Join Dementia Research to help beat dementia.
Dementia is one of the biggest challenges we face today. The number of people with Alzheimer's disease, vascular dementia, and other types of dementia, is set to double over the next 30 years.
NIHR in partnership with Alzheimer Scotland, Alzheimer's Research UK and Alzheimer's Society delivers Join Dementia Research. It's a service that allows people to register their interest in participating in dementia research and be matched to suitable studies - connecting dementia researchers with volunteers who want to participate in research.
Read about research
Every year, thousands of research articles are shared in specialist publications. These contain vital information about the latest health and care research findings. But they’re often long, technical and full of scientific language that makes them difficult to understand.
NIHR Evidence takes the results of NIHR funded research studies and trials and summarises them in plain English, to make it easy for everyone to understand. The summaries are reliable, up-to-date and easy-to-read. Browse our research summaries.
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There is increasing evidence that early identification and intervention is important in preventing obesity in young people. Studies have also shown that efforts that include diet or physical activity can reduce the risk of obesity in children aged 0-12 years.
Yet an NIHR review of the research evidence warns that childhood obesity is not being addressed in the most effective way. As well as targeting lifestyle factors through primary care and schools, other drivers of obesity need to be addressed, such as the environments we live in, media, advertising, government policies and the state of the economy.
With this in mind, the NIHR is working with researchers to consider how findings on obesity can be translated into future health policy options, and to consider effective real-world implementation. At the same time, research continues into which interventions (actions taken to improve conditions) are most effective and what different stages of life should be targeted to support individuals with their weight loss.